Ashwagandha is an herb in the tomato family grown in India and parts of northern Africa. This little gem may help in the treatment of anxiety and depression, fibromyalgia, menstrual disorders, and hypertension. It may also improve cognitive function. How? Through complicated biological actions with complicated terminology, of course. Specifically, ashwagandha inhibits nFKB activation and gene expression as well as decreasing the inflammatory effects of COX-2. Its anti-anxiety effects may originate in its ability to bind to GABA receptors, as GABA is a calming agent.
Ashwagandha may cause drowsiness and is not recommended for use during pregnancy.
The usual dose is 500-1000 mg per day.